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BSC. Accounting

Accounting is a field of study and a profession that involves the systematic recording, analysis, interpretation, and reporting of financial information about an organization’s economic activities. The primary goal of accounting is to provide accurate and reliable financial information to help stakeholders make informed decisions.

Here are some key aspects of accounting:

  1. Recording Transactions: Accountants record financial transactions, such as sales, purchases, salaries, and investments, in a structured and organized manner. This is typically done using accounting software or manual ledger systems.

  2. Financial Reporting: Accountants prepare various financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement (profit and loss statement), and cash flow statement. These reports summarize the financial performance and position of a business at a given point in time.

  3. Financial Analysis: Accountants analyze financial data to identify trends, patterns, and areas where the organization is performing well or facing challenges. They use various financial ratios and metrics to assess the company’s financial health.

  4. Auditing: Some accountants work as auditors, examining financial records and statements to ensure accuracy and compliance with accounting standards and regulations. Auditors often work for public accounting firms or government agencies.

  5. Taxation: Tax accountants specialize in tax law and help individuals and businesses comply with tax regulations, minimize tax liabilities, and file tax returns accurately and on time.

  6. Management Accounting: Management accountants provide financial information to internal stakeholders (e.g., managers and executives) to support decision-making. They focus on budgeting, cost analysis, and performance evaluation.

  7. Forensic Accounting: Forensic accountants investigate financial irregularities, fraud, and other financial crimes. They use their accounting skills to uncover evidence that can be used in legal proceedings.

  8. Ethical Considerations: Accountants are often required to adhere to ethical standards, such as the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) or International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), to ensure the accuracy and transparency of financial reporting.

Accounting is a crucial function in both business and non-profit organizations. It helps stakeholders, including investors, creditors, management, and government authorities, make informed decisions about resource allocation, investment, and financial strategy. Additionally, it plays a vital role in ensuring transparency and accountability in financial reporting.

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Main Campus:
Old Site of Capital Science Academy,
Dafara Village,
Kuje Area Council, FCT Abuja.


Mon – Fri 8:00A.M. – 5:00P.M.

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